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SpaceX, Dish Network Engaged in Battle Over Frequency Use

By Doug Messier
Parabolic Arc
October 12, 2021
Filed under , , , , , , , ,
Sixty Starlink satellites separate from a Falcon 9 second stage on April 22, 2020. (Credit: SpaceX website)

The Wall Street Journal has a fascinating story about the fight between SpaceX and Dish Network over frequency allocation. While SpaceX is spending billions to deploying thousands of satellites for its global Starlink broadband network, Dish Network wants the Federal Communications Commission to allow it to send Internet signals via cell phone towers.

In later filings with the FCC, Mr. Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp., better known as SpaceX, told the regulator it needed those airwaves, which sit above 12 gigahertz on the wireless spectrum, free and clear for its Starlink swarm of satellites to beam high-speed broadband internet service to disconnected homes across the country. SpaceX didn’t respond to requests for comment for this article.

The Tesla billionaire’s main antagonist in this case is Dish Network Corp. Chairman Charlie Ergen, another mogul with a history of tangling with regulators. Mr. Ergen’s Dish and his allies—who include Dell Computer founder Michael Dell through his personal investment fund, MSD Capital—are pressing the government to allow cellphone towers to send high-speed internet signals over the same airwaves. SpaceX and fellow satellite operator OneWeb oppose changes that they say threaten their goal of expanding internet access from the skies….

This is the kind of skirmish that companies often wage in Washington over finite resources subject to government rules—but with more-prominent personalities and a nastier edge than most telecom disputes. Fights over wireless spectrum are becoming increasingly common as technological advances like 5G let companies stream data in ways considered impossible a few years ago, spurring new demand for space on the airwaves to carry those signals.

SpaceX says its new Starlink broadband service is already providing cablelike internet speeds to more than 90,000 customers. The FCC granted the company $885 million in incentives to provide more connections to areas of the U.S. that lack true broadband. Dish and its allies argue that looser rules for the 12 GHz frequencies would help the company build a network that will connect smartphones, factory machines and vehicle sensors with the kind of ultrafast internet speeds that 5G promises to deliver.

The story says that Musk was adamant in a phone with the FCC’s then-Chairman Ajit Pai that the regulatory agency not open the frequency for Dish Network to provide services via cell phone towers due to the threat it posed to Starlink.

It will be interesting to see how this battle plays out here and abroad. The U.S. is likely not on the only country where this move is being considered.

5 responses to “SpaceX, Dish Network Engaged in Battle Over Frequency Use”

  1. Saturn1300 says:

    I can already get the Internet on my cell phone. What is the difference with this? I never use my cell phone for Internet as for the service I have it is very expensive and the screen is too small.

    • Zed_WEASEL says:

      AIUI you could use you mobile phone as a modem to your laptop, desktop or tablet. With 5G technology should have a reasonably high data rate connection. Main foreseen usage is streaming entertainment.

      However as stated in the news article. The issue is that Dish Network wants to use the same radio spectrum that Starlink terminals uses from terrestrial cell towers. Which will reduce the bandwidth available to Starlink in a geographical location along with signal interference for everyone.

    • Ball Peen Hammer ✓ᵛᵉʳᶦᶠᶦᵉᵈ says:

      “I can already get the Internet on my cell phone. What is the difference with this?”

      It’s not about the data. It doesn’t matter if it’s a web page, streaming video, or just your voice being transmitted. It’s about the frequency.

      You can’t currently send data between your cell phone and a cell tower using the same radio frequency that SpaceX uses for Starlink. Dish wants a license to do that. SpaceX doesn’t want that license granted out of fear that both systems using the same frequency would cause interference.

  2. ThomasLMatula says:

    The demand for satellite TV has dropped by 30% since its peak in 2015. DISH has moved into providing Internet service to survive and now sees it’s business being threaten by Starlink, hence the move to grab its frequency.

    • Saturn1300 says:

      Rain still blocks my signal sometimes. Spot Beams improved it a lot. I thought a long time ago that Dish ought to send their TV signals from tall towers. I also just had some outs from a bad coaxial cable coming from the dish, which I fixed myself.

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