An Overview of Japan’s Counterspace Strategy

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpts from the report summarize Japan’s counterspace capabilities.

Country Summary

Japan has long been a well-established space actor and its space activities have historically been entirely non-military in nature. In 2008, Japan made a change to its constitution to enable national security-related activities in space and more recently, government officials have begun to publicly speak about developing various counterspace capabilities or developing military SSA capacity.

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An Overview of France’s Counterspace Capabilities

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpt from the report summarizes France’s counterspace capabilities.

Country Summary

While France has long had a space program, as well as military satellites, it was not until very recently that France had an explicit focus on offensive and defensive counterspace capabilities.

The major change occurred in July 2019 with the release of the first French Space Defense Strategy, which elevated French military space organization and reassigned control of French military satellites from the French space agency to the military.

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An Overview of India’s Counterspace Strategy and ASAT Tests

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpts from the report summarize India”s growing counterspace programs and its anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons tests in 2019.

Country Summary

India has over five decades of experience with space capabilities, but most of that has been civil in focus. It is only in the past several years that India has started organizationally making way for its military to become active users and creating explicit military space capabilities.

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A Summary of U.S. Counterspace Capabilities

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpt from the report summarizes U.S. counterspace capabilities.

The United States has conducted multiple tests of technologies for rendezvous and proximity operations (RPO) in both low Earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO), along with tracking, targeting, and intercept technologies that could lead to a co-orbital anti-satellite (ASAT) capability.

These tests and demonstrations were conducted for other non-offensive missions, such as missile defense, on-orbit inspections, and satellite servicing, and the United States does not have an acknowledged program to develop co-orbital capabilities. However, the United States possesses the technological capability to develop a co-orbital capability in a short period of time if it chooses to.

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A Summary of China’s Counterspace Capabilities

China’s 2007 test of its ground-based ASAT missile destroyed one of its own defunct satellites in LEO. The graphic depicts the orbits of trackable debris generated by the test 1 month after the event. The white line represents the International Space Station’s orbit. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpt from the report summarizes China’s counterspace capabilities.

The evidence strongly indicates that China has a sustained effort to develop a broad range of counterspace capabilities. China has conducted multiple tests of technologies for rendezvous and proximity operations (RPO) in both low earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous orbit (GEO) that could lead to a co-orbital ASAT capability.

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A Summary of Russia’s Counterspace Capabilities

In 2009, the defunct Cosmos 2251 satellite and the Iridium 33 satellite collided in Earth’s orbit. A Livermore visualization shows the orbits of the two satellites prior to the collision among the thousands of other satellites in low-Earth orbit. The collision occurred where the two orbital paths cross near the North Pole. (Credit: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)

Global Counterspace Capabilities:
An Open Source Assessment

Secure World Foundation
April 2020

Full Report

The following excerpt from the report summarizes Russia’s counterspace capabilities.

There is strong evidence that Russia has embarked on a set of programs over the last decade to regain many of its Cold War-era counterspace capabilities. Since 2010, Russia has been testing technologies for rendezvous and proximity operations (RPO) in both low Earth orbit 9LEO) and geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) that could lead to or support a co-orbital anti-satellite (ASAT) capability. Evidence suggests at least two active programs: a new co-orbital ASAT program called Burevestnik that is potentially supported by a surveillance and tracking program called Nivelir.

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Report: Counterspace Capabilities Continue to Proliferate with Growing Implications for Space Security

by Director of Program Planning Brian Weeden and Washington Office Director Victoria Samson
Secure World Foundation

Over the last several years, there has been growing concern from multiple governments over the reliance on vulnerable space capabilities for national security, and the corresponding proliferation of offensive counterspace capabilities that could be used to disrupt, deny the use of, degrade, or destroy space systems.

This in turn has led to increased rhetoric from some countries about the need to prepare for future conflicts on Earth to extend into space, and calls from some corners to increase the development of offensive counterspace capabilities and put in place more aggressive policies and postures.

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Secure World Foundation Joins Space Safety Coalition

BROOMFIELD, Colo. (SSC PR) — Secure World Foundation has joined the Space Safety Coalition (SSC), a first-of-its-kind global ad hoc coalition dedicated to developing and maintaining a set of “living” space safety best practices.  The new coalition comprises space operators, space industry associations and space industry stakeholders that want to lead by example, actively promoting responsible space safety through the voluntary adoption of relevant international standards, guidelines, and practices, and the development of more effective space safety guidelines and best practices.

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Secure World Foundation Joins Working Group on Use of Space Resources

secure_worldBROOMFIELD, Colo. (SWF) — Secure World Foundation (SWF) will play a leading role in a working group seeking to develop policy “building blocks” for the development and use of space resources.

SWF will join with the University of Leiden’s Institute of Air and Space Law to support an international effort to clarify rights and obligations in the emerging space-mining industry.

“Space mining is inspiring both intense interest and intense debate,” said SWF Executive Director, Michael Simpson. “Our goal is to identify common ground so that governments can know how to respond and investors and entrepreneurs can know what to expect.”

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ISPCS Closing Speaker: Michael Simpson of Secure World Foundation

michael_simpson
Michael Simpson

ISPCS Closing Remarks
Michael Simpson
Executive Director, Secure World Foundation

In closing keynote, Michael Simpson says NewSpace industry has matured over last 8 years, more willing to work with gov’t and others. (Jeff Foust ‏@jeff_foust)

SIMPSON: Don’t restrict innovation to engineering. (Alan Ladwig ‏@SpaceArtAl )

Simpson: Don’t confine innovation to engineering. Great ideas are in business, policy, and other fields. (Suzi Gordon ‏@suzigordon)

Simpson: Any place worth getting to in space is going to come faster if we make use of synergies (ISPCS ‏@ISPCS)

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This Week on The Space Show

spaceshowlogo
This week on The Space Show with David Livingston:

1. Monday, Sept. 9, 2013, 2-3:30 PM PDT (5-6:30 PM EDT, 4-5:30 PM CDT): No show today as I am at the AIAA Space 2013 Conference in San Diego..

2. Tuesday, Sept. 10, 2013, 7-8:30 PM PDT (10-11:30 PM EDT, 9-10:30 PM CDT): No show today as I am at the AIAA Space 2013 Conference in San Diego.

3. Friday, Sept. 13, 2013, 9:30-11 AM PDT (11:30- 1 PM CDT, 12:30PM-2:00 PM EDT): Taped interviews from AIAA Space 2013. When you see the program on the archives for the website and blog, the program is ready for your play and enjoyment.

4. Sunday, Sept. 15, 2013, 12-1:30 PM PDT (3-4:30 PM EDT, 2-3:30 PM CDT). Brian Weeden of the Secure World Foundation is with us regarding his recent Space Review article re the Space Fence. See www.thespacereview.com/article/2357/1.











This Week on The Space Show


This week on The Space Show with David Livingston….

1. Monday, Dec.3, 2012, 2-3:30 PM PST (5-6:30 PM EST, 4-5:30 PM CST): We welcome back Futron’s DAVID VACCARO and JONATHAN BELAND to discuss the Futron 2012 Space Competitive Report. The Executive Summary is a free download from here: www.futron.com/sci_exe_summary_download_form.xml.

2. Tuesday, December 4 , 2012, 7-8:30 PM PST (10-11:30 PM EST, 9-10:30 PM CST): We welcome back DR. MARTIN SCHWAB to discuss his new certificate courses for Kepler Space Institute Online/Kepler Space University. He has developed KSU 715, Celestial Leadership: Advancing Humans beyond Low Earth Orbit and co-developed with Robert Frantz, President of Kepler Space University, KSU 200, Critical Thinking: Alternative Energies – Traditional Economics.

3. Friday December 7, 2012, 9:30-11 AM PST (11:30- 1 PM CST, 12:30PM-2:00 PM EST): We welcome back DR. BOB BRODSKY regarding his new book “Catch a Rocket Plane: More Tales from the Cutting Edge, and Beyond.”

4. Sunday, December 9, 2012, 12-1:30 PM PST (3-4:30 PM EST, 2-3:30 PM CST). We welcome back DR. MICHAEL SIMPSON AND LANGDON MORRIS to discuss specific chapters & the book in general, “International Cooperation For The Development of Space.” This is the latest book published by the Aerospace Technology Working Group (ATWG). Mr. Morris is one of the book’s editors and Dr. Simpson, Executive Director of the SWF, authored Chapter 2 in Part 1, “Broadening the Base: Cooperation As A Springboard For New Participants In the Space Sector.”











The Space Show Schedule


This week on The Space Show with David Livingston….

1. Monday, August 13, 2012, 2-3:30 PM PDT (5-6:30 PM EDT, 4-5:30 PM CDT): NO SHOW TODAY AS I AM AT THE SMALSAT CONFERENCE.

2. Tuesday, August 14, 2012, :2-3:30 PM PDT (5-6:30 PM EDT, 4-5:30 PM CDT): NO SHOW TODAY AS I AM AT THE SMALLSAT CONFERENCE.

3. Friday, August 17, 2012, 9:30-11 AM PDT (11:30- 1 PM CDT, 12:30PM-2:00 PM EDT) : This program will consist of recorded interviews from the SMALLSAT CONFERENCE. When you see the program archived on the website and blog, it is ready for play.

4. Sunday, August 19, 2012, 1-3 PM PDT (4-6 PM EDT, 3-5 PM CDT). This is a Secure World Foundation-Space Show sponsored webinar discussing the on orbit servicing of satellites and debris mitigation efforts. Our special webinar guests include BRIAN WEEDEN OF SWF, RICHARD DALBELLO who is Vice President for Government Relations at Intelsat., and Major General, USAF (Retired) JAMES ARMOR who is Vice President, Strategy and Business Development for ATK Spacecraft Systems & Services, You can hear the audio of this program as you do any Space Show program. To watch the live stream, we will be using our private UStream channel: www.ustream.tv/channel/the-space-show. For Livestream, use











Groups Make Progress on Protecting Earth From Asteroids

From top to bottom, pictured (not to scale) are the moon, Venus, and an asteroid.

SWF PR — A workshop has brought together leading representatives from space agencies and international experts to discuss key issues related to global response and cooperation in the event of a Near Earth Object (NEO) impact threat to Earth.

The gathering of specialists took place August 25-26 in Pasadena, California. The meeting was co-organized and co-sponsored by Action Team-14, part of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN COPUOS) Scientific and Technical Subcommittee, Secure World Foundation (SWF), and the Association of Space Explorers (ASE) that represents over 350 individuals from 35 nations who have flown in space.

The supporting agency host of the meeting was the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Near Earth Object Observations Program Office.

This recent workshop is a follow-up to previous meetings that took place last year in Mexico City to discuss a NEO Information, Analysis, and Warning Network (IAWN) and in Darmstadt, Germany to confer about a NEO Mission Planning and Operations Group, or MPOG, to plan, organize, and conduct any necessary missions to threatening asteroids.

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Michael Simpson to Leave ISU for Secure World Foundation

SWF PR — Secure World Foundation is pleased to announce that Dr. Michael Simpson will join the staff of the Foundation, taking on the position of Senior Program Officer.

Simpson comes to the Secure World Foundation after serving more than seven years as President of the International Space University (ISU), based in Strasbourg, France.

“I am delighted to be joining the Secure World Foundation team,” Simpson said. “The human experience of space will be so much better in an environment of peaceful and sustainable access, and no one is more committed to making this possible than the Foundation.”

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