KIEV (State Space Agency of Ukraine PR) — The State Space Agency of Ukraine has signed the NASA Artemis Agreement on the Principles of Cooperation in Civil Exploration and the Peaceful Use of the Moon, Mars, Comets and Asteroids and has joined the space agencies of other participating countries.
Thus, Ukraine became the ninth signatory of the Artemis Agreements.
The agreements contain a set of principles that will guide the signatory states in their participation in NASA’s Artemis program, namely:
- Peaceful research: all activities carried out under the Artemis program must be carried out for peaceful purposes;
- Transparency: signatories will operate transparently to avoid misunderstandings and conflicts;
- Compatibility: The nations participating in the program will seek to maintain the interoperability of the systems to increase their security and stability;
- Emergency assistance: the signatories undertake to provide assistance to the victims of the Artemis program in the context of the Rescue Agreement;
- Registration of space objects: Any state participating in the program must be a party to the Registration Convention;
- Dissemination of scientific data: signatories undertake to publicly disclose scientific information obtained in the framework of the program;
- Preservation of heritage: the signatories undertake to preserve the space heritage;
- Space resources: the extraction and use of space resources is a key factor in safe and sustainable research, and the signatories reaffirm that such activities must be carried out in accordance with the Outer Space Treaty;
- Deconflict activities: the signatories undertake to prevent harmful interference and uphold the principle of due diligence, as required by the Outer Space Treaty;
- Orbital debris: Signatories undertake to plan the safe disposal of debris.
“This is important for Ukraine, because we will be able to implement our own projects in partnership with the world’s leading space agencies. This is a logical step in continuing the fact that we have joined the Moon Village Association. Ukrainian projects have for the first time become part of the global scenario of the Moon’s development from ISECG, and it is logical that we want to further realize our potential within the framework of the Artemis program. These principles and agreements do not violate Ukraine’s international obligations in the field of space activities. Also, I am convinced that the Agreements will give a new impetus to the unification of states in launching multilateral consultations in the context of the development of international space law, which would meet modern challenges and plans of mankind in space exploration, “said Volodymyr Usov.
The signing of the Agreements will also help discuss the conclusion of a Framework Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the United States of America on cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes (Framework Agreement of March 31, 2008 expired January 22, 2019). in other areas of space activities and the resumption of dialogue between the states within the Ukrainian-American working group on research and use of outer space for peaceful purposes, which was established in 2016.
Ukraine has all the scientific and technical capabilities and experience that allow it to become one of NASA’s important partners in the implementation of the Artemis program.
It will be recalled that on October 13, 2020, as part of the 71st International Astronautical Congress, eight states signed Artemis Agreements on the Principles of Cooperation in Civil Exploration and the Peaceful Use of the Moon, Mars, Comets and Asteroids.