MAI Presented Roscosmos an Experimental Program on the ISS

The International Space Station as it appears in 2018. Zarya is visible at the center of the complex, identifiable by its partially retracted solar arrays. (Credit: NASA)

MOSCOW (MAI PR) Moscow Aviation Institute scientists presented Roscosmos State Corporation for space activities an experiment plan, which is planned to be carried out on the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS) until 2024.

Its purpose is to develop a space debris recycling system and test a new, cheaper and more environmentally friendly way to deliver goods to the surface of the Earth. A new technology for maneuvering and braking small spacecraft was developed by the student design bureau “Iskra” of the Aerospace Institute of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University). 

In total, two modifications of the expandable structure have been developed for effective braking control, which will allow the spacecraft to get to a given point in a short time and with maximum accuracy. The advantage of the new braking system with the inflatable design is that it does not require the use of an engine.

The first will be used on spacecraft “scavengers”. Their task is to remove space debris from orbit into the Earth’s atmosphere, where it will be naturally disposed under the influence of ultra-high temperatures. The second modification of the inflatable structure will become part of the spacecraft, capable of passing through the Earth’s atmosphere and delivering payload to its surface.

According to the plan, at the first stage of the experiment, the braking technology in the upper atmosphere will be worked out. The spacecraft undocked from the ISS, equipped with an inflatable braking system, will be displayed in upper atmosphere, where it will burn before it reaches the earth’s surface. At the second stage of the experiment, the descent and landing of the returned spacecraft to the surface of the Earth will be worked out.

The experiment is led by a South Korean graduate student of Moscow Aviation Institute, Yoon Sung Wook. At different stages of the experiment, designers of Lavochkin Research and Production Association and S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia will be involved.

The Coordinating Scientific and Technical Council of Roscosmos for programs of scientific and applied research and experiments on manned space complexes has approved the plan and is preparing to add it to the list of scientific experiments carried out on the ISS Russian segment.