Mars InSight Lander Seen in First Images from Space

NASA’s InSight spacecraft, its heat shield and its parachute were imaged on Dec. 6 and 11 by the HiRISE camera onboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona)

PASADENA, Calif. (NASA PR) — On Nov. 26, NASA’s InSight mission knew the spacecraft touched down within an 81-mile-long (130-kilometer-long) landing ellipse on Mars. Now, the team has pinpointed InSight’s exact location using images from HiRISE, a powerful camera onboard another NASA spacecraft, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

NASA’s InSight lander on the surface of Mars imaged by the HiRISE camera onboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona)

The InSight lander, its heat shield and parachute were spotted by HiRISE (which stands for High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment) in one set of images last week on Dec. 6, and again on Tuesday, Dec. 11.

NASA’s InSight parachute on the surface of Mars imaged by the HiRISE camera onboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona)

The lander, heat shield and parachute are within 1,000 feet (several hundred meters) of one another on Elysium Planitia, the flat lava plain selected as InSight’s landing location.

NASA’s InSight heat shield on the surface of Mars imaged by the HiRISE camera onboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona)

This isn’t the first time HiRISE has photographed a Mars lander. InSight is based largely on 2008’s Phoenix spacecraft, which the camera aboard MRO captured on the surface of Mars as well as descending on its parachute. While the HiRISE team at the University of Arizona also tried to take an image of InSight during landing, MRO was at a much less opportune angle and wasn’t able to take a good picture.

An annotated image of the surface of Mars, taken by the HiRISE camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) on May 30, 2014. The annotations — added after InSight landed on Nov. 26, 2018 — display the locations of NASA’s InSight lander, its heat shield and parachute. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU)

About InSight

JPL manages InSight for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA’s Discovery Program, managed by the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Lockheed Martin Space in Denver built the InSight spacecraft, including its cruise stage and lander, and supports spacecraft operations for the mission.

The red dot marks the final landing location of NASA’s InSight lander in this annotated image of the surface of Mars, taken by the THEMIS camera on NASA’s 2001 Mars Odyssey orbiter in 2015. (Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU)

A number of European partners, including France’s Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission. CNES and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, the Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH) in Switzerland, Imperial College and Oxford University in the United Kingdom, and JPL. DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) instrument, with significant contributions from the Space Research Center (CBK) of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronika in Poland. Spain’s Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) supplied the wind sensors.

  • SamuelRoman13

    Looks like those rocks from Insight ground image are 30m away. I think that are those 30m up and to the right slightly, the white dots.That is the rim of an old crater. Wind blew away the sand to expose them. Some things Insight people said wrong: Landed in the middle of the ellipse. No. Landed in a crater. No. 30m from losing Insight. Lucky. ’20 rover will use terrain recognition and divert if needed. I checked with Mars Trek. Looks like a good landing area in Jezero crater. Sand dunes may be a problem. Don’t know if they can divert that small or not. Done lost one rover to sand. Bigger rover though. No craters to worry about. Where are the craters? When the water filled Jezero The craters would have been filled in with silt. But that was 3 billion years ago(YA). There should be craters after the water dried up. Maybe craters formed in the sand and was not deep enough to hit rock. So sand crater and wind has made them disappear. Never heard an expert give that theory though. My theory only.

  • therealdmt

    When will they tell the TRUTH about the face?!

  • SamuelRoman13

    LOL. The TRUTH is it is a pile boulders as seen by HiRISE.